Regional Water Management Organisation: The Case of Gambia River Basin Development Organization (OMVG)

Venue : Gambia  

The Gambia River is 1,130 kilometers long. It runs through the Republic of Guinea, the Republic of Senegal and the Republic of the Gambia where it meets the Atlantic Ocean. Considering the possibilities offered by the river in terms of resources, the riparian states gradually joined their efforts to develop their relevant economies through different water related projects. At first, the Republic of Senegal and of the Gambia created the Gambia River Basin Development Organization (OMVG) on 30 June 1978 in Kaolack, the Republic of Senegal. Later the Republic of Guinea and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau joined the Organisation respectively in 1981 and 1983.

Having a general objective of developing the resources of the Gambia River, OMVG's mission consists of developing watersheds and the economies of the Member States, improving living conditions of riparian populations, alleviating poverty in a context of Sustainable Development. These missions are carried out through programs and projects common to the four (4) countries.

Since its creation, OMVG has implemented a number of studies on the basin's resources which have led to the design and implementation of several development projects and programmes. Between 1997 to 2006, development projects and in particular energy project of regional interest consistent with the objectives of the West African Power Pool (WAPP) have emerged.

As a result of this process, OMVG launched its ambitious energy project on 4 February 2017 in Kaleta, Republic of Guinea. This project includes the construction of an interconnection line linking the power grids of the four Member States and developing a hydroelectric dam in Sambangalou, Republic of Senegal.

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