The Niger Basin Authority (NBA)
|Venue : Niger|
The Niger River is the third longest in Africa with 4,200 kilometres after the Nile and the Congo. The basin area is about 2.2 million square kilometres encompassing more than 150 million people. The river crosses several countries, including Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Benin, Cameroon, Chad, and Nigeria, which are members of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Most of the areas are characterised by low rainfall, dry and arid desert, making it crucial for sustaining people life and the ecosystem.
The basin waters are widely used for irrigation, especially in the Malian and Nigerian parts of the basin with an irrigated land surface estimated at around 1.8 million hectares. The waters are also source of energy production for the riparian countries.
In an effort to ensure sustainable use of the river waters and further cooperation between the riparian countries, the Niger River Commission was originally created in 1964 and later replaced the Niger Basin Authority (NBA) in 1980 and is headquartered in Niamey, Niger.
The Niger Basin Authority aims to promote cooperation among the Member States and to ensure an integrated development of the Niger Basin in the fields of energy, water resources, agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing and fisheries, forestry, transport, communications and industry and ensure the sustainable development of the River Niger Basin. The NBA, as provided by its convention, is responsible for harmonizing and coordinating national development policies; assisting in the development of an integrated development plan for the Basin; promoting projects of common interest; assuring the regulation of navigation consistent with the 1963 Act; and requesting assistance and mobilizing financing for studies and research on Basin resources.
Table 1 - Main Dams in the Niger Basin (with a storage capacity of more than one billion m3)
Source : NBA, 2015 ; FAO Dams and agriculture in Africa, 2007 and Aquastat, 2015
Project Under Preparation